Filter Specialty
Submit To The Journals

Ranibizumab in Diabetic Macular Oedema – A Benefit–risk Analysis of Ranibizumab 0.5 mg PRN Versus Laser Treatment

European Endocrinology, 2017;13(2):91–98 DOI:


Introduction: The structured Benefit–risk Action Team (BRAT) approach aims to assist healthcare decision makers in treatment assessments. We applied BRAT to compare the benefit–risk profile of ranibizumab 0.5 mg versus laser photocoagulation for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Methods: One-year data for the ranibizumab 0.5 mg pro re nata (PRN) and laser arms of the phase III trials RESPOND (NCT01135914; n=220), RESTORE (NCT00687804; n=345), and REVEAL (NCT00989989; n=396) were included in the analysis. The benefit measures included ≥10 letters gain/avoidance of loss in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), achieving central retinal thickness (CRT) <275 μm, and 25-item Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25) outcomes. The risks measures included endophthalmitis, intraocular pressure increase, hypertension, proteinuria, arterial/venous thromboembolic events and deaths. Results: Ranibizumab treatment provided significant benefits compared with laser for ≥10 letter BCVA gain at month 12 (387/1,000 versus 152/1,000 patients), CRT <275 μm at 12 months (474/1,000 versus 348/1,000 patients), and improvement of ≥6.06 on the VFQ-25 near activities subscale (325/1,000 versus 245/1,000 patients). Results for the risk measures were similar for both treatments. Conclusions: Superior clinically relevant outcomes were observed with ranibizumab 0.5 mg PRN compared with laser without compromising on safety. This analysis further supports the positive benefit–risk profile of ranibizumab 0.5 mg PRN.


Ranibizumab, laser, diabetic macular oedema, benefit–risk profile


Focke Ziemssen is consultant for Alimera, Allergan, Bayer Healthcare, Boehringer Ingelheim, Biogen, Novartis and Roche. Cornelia Dunger-Baldauf, Philippe Margaron and Howard Snow are employees of Novartis Pharma AG., Basel, Switzerland. William David Strain reports grants and personal fees from Novartis, during the conduct of the study, personal fees from Boehringer Ingelheim, Eli-Lilly, Janssen, Pfizer and Novo-Nordisk outside the submitted work. Alan Cruess has nothing to declare in relation to this article.


The authors acknowledge Claire Bailey for her significant contribution towards the design and conduct of the analysis and for the development of this manuscript. Writing support was provided by Jennifer Green (Green Ink Communications) and was funded by Novartis. William David Strain would like to acknowledge the support of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Exeter Clinical Research Facility and the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre scheme. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NIHR Exeter Clinical Research Facility, the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health in England.

Open Access

This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, adaptation and reproduction provided the original author(s) and source are given appropriate credit.


May 10, 2017




Focke Ziemssen, University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Elfriede-Aulhorn-Str. 7, 72074 Tuebingen, Germany. E:


The publication of this article was supported by Novartis.

  • Touch Medical Media Limited, trading as Touch Medical Media, is a private limited company registered in England and Wales at The White House, Mill Road, Goring, Reading, England, RG8 9DD with registered number 08197142. © 2019 All rights reserved.

    touchendocrinology is for informational purposes and intended for healthcare professionals only. Its content should not be considered medical advice, diagnosis or treatment recommendations.