Now, it is obvious that increasing carbohydrates in the diet increases glucose toxicity and consequently increases insulin resistance, triglycerides level, and reduces HDL-cholesterol. Recently, the ADA departed from the recommendation of high carbohydrates intake and recommended individualization of the nutrition needs. It is clear that we made a major mistake in recommending the increase of carbohydrates load to >40 % of the total caloric intake. This era should come to an end if we seriously want to reduce the obesity and diabetes epidemics. Such a move may also improve diabetes control and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately, many physicians and dietitians across the nation are still recommending high carbohydrates intake for patients with diabetes, a recommendation that may harm their patients more than benefit them.
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