Welcome to the summer 2017 edition of US Endocrinology. As always, we have included a selection of timely and relevant review articles and editorials written by key opinion leaders in the endocrinology arena.
This edition covers a variety of topics. First, we have an expert interview with Linda Siminerio, who explains the implications of the new psychosocial position statement from the American Diabetes Association. We also have two interesting editorials, one from Claude K Lardinois, who discusses the combination of hyperfiltration and albuminuria and the increased risk of coronary heart disease, and another from Sanjay Kalra, who provides a useful checklist for timely and appropriate insulin initiation and usage in type 2 diabetes.
This edition also includes two review articles and two pieces of original research. Firstly, M Loredana Marcovecchio looks at the complications of acute and chronic hyperglycemia and, secondly, Maria F Bates et al. discuss the topic of ensuring quality in thyroid cancer surgery. Vivek Aggarwal et al. present their research on endoscopic thyroidectomy in a tertiary setting in Delhi, India and Fatima Younis Al Slail et al. share their findings from a focus group discussion on physician awareness in diabetes management during Ramadan.
Finally, we present a case report of a rare association between right thyroid hemiagenesis, lingual thyroid, and papillary thyroid cancer from Umal Azmat et al.
We do hope you enjoy this issue and welcome any feedback. Happy reading!
Foreword – US Endocrinology, 2017;13(1):9
Welcome to the latest edition of US Endocrinology, which features a diverse range of articles covering several therapeutic areas. Diabetes represents a growing health burden worldwide, and this is reflected in a number of articles focusing on various aspects of the disease. Diabetes self-management and education is an essential component of the therapy on this […]
The New Psychosocial Position Statement from the American Diabetes Association
Diabetes self-management education and support provides the foundation for helping people with diabetes to be able to navigate decisions and activities related to managing their life-long disease. Here, Linda Siminerio of the School of Medicine and Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US discusses psychological factors affecting people with diabetes, self-management and the multiple benefits of […]
Hyperfiltration and Albuminuria—A Deadly Combination
Estimated glomerular filtration rate Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem throughout the world. A large body of literature demonstrates that estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a powerful predictor of adverse clinical outcomes such as overall mortality, cardiovascular events and progression to kidney failure. Most studies, however, have focused primarily on […]
Insulin—Five ‘M’s that Matter
Insulin, over its 95 years of existence, has revolutionized the management of diabetes. Previously limited to use in type 1 diabetes, extensive evidence supports its benefit in type 2 diabetes as well.1 In spite of this, insulin is not used as often as it should be. Multiple factors, both biomedical and psychosocial, discourage the timely […]
Complications of Acute and Chronic Hyperglycemia
From glucose homeostasis to hyperglycemia Glucose homeostasis is maintained by a complex neurohormonal system, which modulates peripheral glucose uptake, hepatic glucose production, and exogenous glucose utilization following food ingestion.1,2 This allows the maintenance of plasma glucose concentrations within normal range, with average values of around 90 mg/dl throughout a 24-hour period, postmeal concentration below 140 […]
Ensuring Quality in Thyroid Cancer Surgery
Thyroid carcinoma is one of the most common solid tumors worldwide. The incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing, with an estimated 57,000 newly diagnosed cases in the US in 2017. Approximately three-quarters of these patients are female, with the majority being between 20 and 34 years of age. Though five-year survival rates are greater than […]
Endoscopic Thyroidectomy— Preliminary Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in Delhi, India
Ever since thyroid surgery has been described, there is ongoing evolution in the surgical techniques of thyroidectomy. The development aims at increasing safety and improving cosmesis. To achieve safety, surgeons have adopted a number of new technologies such as intraoperative neuromonitoring of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), postoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) assay, and alternative energy devices […]
Physician Awareness in Diabetes Management During Ramadan 2015—A Focus Group Discussion
Muslims represent 18–25% of the global population, which is approximately 1.1–1.5 billion people.1 There are about 50 million Muslims worldwide with diabetes who fast during the holy month of Ramadan each year.2 All healthy Muslims aged from late childhood or early adolescence or puberty (which ranges from 10–14 years and over) are commanded to fast […]
A Case of a Rare Association Between Right Thyroid Hemiagenesis, Lingual Thyroid, and Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Case presentation A 32-year-old woman presented to our clinic while three months pregnant, with a left-sided neck mass that she had felt about 10 months prior to presentation. She noticed that the mass had grown slightly over that period. She denied symptoms of dysphonia, dyspnea, and dysphagia. A neck ultrasound showed an absent right thyroid […]
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